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      什么是冷鏈物流?
      發布時間:2011/01/04


              我國物流發展呈現發展速度加快、企業成長加速、市場競爭加劇的三大特點。市場競爭的加劇導致專業分工加快,需求的專業化帶動市場的細分化,出現了諸如汽車物流、醫藥物流、煙草物流、糧食物流、冷鏈物流等等更加專業的物流企業。由于連鎖經銷體系的興起,食品流通形態的變革,專業分工細化和低溫食品的逐漸普及與成熟,使冷鏈物流急驟升溫,成為人們關注的焦點。
              冷鏈跟人們的生活息息相關,冷鏈物流的對象都是人們日常的視頻,所需的藥品等,我們稱的冷鏈物流是指冷藏冷凍類食品在生產、貯藏、運輸、銷售,到消費前的各個環節中始終處于規定的低溫環境下,以保證食品質量,減少食品損耗的一項系統工程,它是隨著科學技術的進步、制冷技術的發展而建立起來的,是以冷凍工藝學為基礎、以制冷技術為手段的低溫物流過程。冷鏈物流的適用范圍包括:初級農產品:蔬菜、水果;肉、禽、蛋;水產品、花卉產品;加工食品:速凍食品、禽、肉、水產等包裝熟食、冰淇淋和奶制品;快餐原料。特殊商品:藥品。由于食品冷鏈是以保證易腐食品品質為目的,以保持低溫環境為核心要求的供應鏈系統,所以它比一般常溫物流系統的要求更高、更復雜,建設投資業也要大很多,是一個龐大的系統工程。由于易腐食品的時效性要求冷鏈各環節具有更高的組織協調性,所以,食品冷鏈的運作始終是和能耗成本相關聯的,有效控制運作成本與食品冷鏈的發展密切相關。

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